Feature extraction in digital image processing is a very intensive task for a CPU. In order to achieve real time image throughputs, hardware parallelism must be exploited. The speed-up of the system is constrained by the degree of parallelism of the implementation and this one at the same time, by programmable device size and the power dissipation. In this work, issues related to the synthesis of the Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) algorithm on a FPGA to obtain target processing rates faster than 50 frames per second for VGA images, are analyzed. In order to increase the speedup of the algorithm, the work includes the analysis of feasible simplifications of the algorithm for a tracking application and the results are synthesized on an FPGA.
Keywords: FPGA, VHDL, Scale Invariant Feature Transform