The role of Speculations for Explainable and Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence: A use case on Art Genre Classification

In this work, we have introduced a new way of speculative reasoning for intelligent systems. In addition, we have illustrated the utility of this way of reasoning in the context of a use case on art genre classification, where explainability and trustworthiness are a matter of major concern. Speculative reasoning is natural for humans and it turns up as a powerful tool, especially in the case of intelligent systems dealing with incomplete, vague, and imprecise information.