This paper introduces a Time-of-Flight sensor of
50 × 60 pixels in standard CMOS 0.18 μm technology with
in-pixel adaptive number of accumulations and background
suppression. Background suppression is carried out through two
mechanisms, namely, the increase of signal to background ratio,
and background subtraction. The pixel features a fill factor of
77% with an nwell over p-substrate diode of 50 × 50 μm2 .
The pixel senses the photocurrent through a transimpedance
amplifier. Adaptive accumulations are performed with an in-pixelthis-paper-introduces-time-of-flight-sensor-50-60-pixels-standard-cmos-018-m-technology-with-in-pixel-adaptive-number-accumulations-background-suppression-background-suppression-is-carried-out-through-two-mechanisms-namely-i
comparator that is also used for per-column A/D conversion as
part of an 8-bit single-slope ADC. The sensor works with 4 square
pulses of 50 ns. Simulations show that the chip could measure
distances up to 7.5 m without optical filters for background levels
up to 20 klux at video frame rate.
Keywords: Time-of-Flight Sensors, CMOS, CMOS imagers