Congress 1045
  • Julio Illade-Quinteiro, Victor Brea, Paula Lopez, Diego Cabello
  • IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. Montreal, Canada. 2016
Research Areas

Time-of-Flight Chip in Standard CMOS Technology with In-Pixel Adaptive Number of Accumulations

This paper introduces a Time-of-Flight sensor of 50 × 60 pixels in standard CMOS 0.18 μm technology with in-pixel adaptive number of accumulations and background suppression. Background suppression is carried out through two mechanisms, namely, the increase of signal to background ratio, and background subtraction. The pixel features a fill factor of 77% with an nwell over p-substrate diode of 50 × 50 μm2 . The pixel senses the photocurrent through a transimpedance amplifier. Adaptive accumulations are performed with an in-pixelthis-paper-introduces-time-of-flight-sensor-50-60-pixels-standard-cmos-018-m-technology-with-in-pixel-adaptive-number-accumulations-background-suppression-background-suppression-is-carried-out-through-two-mechanisms-namely-i comparator that is also used for per-column A/D conversion as part of an 8-bit single-slope ADC. The sensor works with 4 square pulses of 50 ns. Simulations show that the chip could measure distances up to 7.5 m without optical filters for background levels up to 20 klux at video frame rate.
Keywords: Time-of-Flight Sensors, CMOS, CMOS imagers
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